Balantidiasis is a protozoan infection caused by infection with Balantidium coli. Contents. 1 Symptoms; 2 Transmission; 3 Treatment; 4 History and epidemiology . Balantidiasis is a rare intestinal infection caused by the bacterium, Balantidium coli, a single celled parasite (ciliate protozoan) that frequently infects pigs but on . 31 Aug Balantidiasis is an infectious disease, rare in western countries. It is caused by Balantidium coli, a single celled parasite (ciliate protozoan) that.

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Balantidiasis is a rare intestinal infection caused by the bacterium, Balantidium coli, a single celled parasite ciliate protozoan that frequently infects pigs but on occasion rarely infects humans. There may be abdominal discomfort, along with a change in the frequency and consistency of stools.

Related Disorders Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of Balantidiasis. Med Lett Drugs Ther. Chronic Erosive Gastritis is an inflammatory disorder characterized by multiple lesions in the mucosal lining of the stomach.

Scand J Infect Dis. Image contributed by the Oregon Public Health Laboratory. For example, Balantidium coli also has a high rate of incidence in rats. This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties. Diagnosis is based on detection of trophozoites in stool specimens or in tissue collected during endoscopy.


Archived from the original on 25 February DPDx is an education resource designed for health professionals and laboratory scientists. The Medical letter on drugs and therapeutics. Mature cysts are passed with feces. Balantidium coli infestation as a cause of acute appendicitis.

All studies receiving U.

See the image below. Amebiasis Inflammatory bowel disease Pseudomembranous colitis Tuberculosis. Arean VM, Koppisch E. Sign up for our Email Newsletters. The initial symptoms of this disorder may include a general feeling of weakness malaise and fatigue.

Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir. The trophozoites replicate by binary fission balantiviasis conjugation, and they subsist on bacteria. Those patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome who have painless diarrhea may experience an urgent need to defecate upon arising.

Symptoms can be severe in debilitated persons. Garcia L, Bruckner D. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology; Share Email Print Feedback Close.

Accessed November 9th, Ina balantidiasis outbreak involving people occurred in Truk following a typhoon.


Both Balantidium coli trophozoites and cysts are found in stool. Cyclospora cayetanensis, Isospora belli, Sarcocystis Species, Balantidium coli, and Blastocystis hominis. Click here for patient related inquiries. Symptoms of this disorder may include a burning or heavy feeling in the stomach, mild nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and general weakness. Balantiiasis trophozoite of Balantidium coli. Alone we are rare.


Pathology Outlines – Balantidiasis

balantixiasis Slideshow Can’t-Miss Gastrointestinal Diagnoses. Symptoms of Balantidiasis may be similar balantudiasis those of other infections that cause intestinal inflammation, for example, amoebic dysentery. In very severe cases, the ulcers may be deep enough to puncture the intestinal wall perforation resulting in acute inflammation of the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the abdomen peritonitis.

Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of Balantidiasis. Need a Curbside Consult? This page was last edited on 24 Julyat Thus stool specimens should be collected repeatedly, and immediately examined or preserved to enhance detection of the parasite.

Pneumonia has been described in patients with cancer-related immunosuppression [ 4 ] and has not always been associated with direct contact with pigs. Balantudiasis organisms primarily dwell in the lumen but can also penetrate the mucosa and cause ulcers.