Management of Benzodiazepine Withdrawal – WS DASSA August Benzodiazepine equivalents. Name. Duration of. Action #. Approx dose. Alprazolam. Xanax. Y**. B. Chlordiazepoxide Librium. Y**. B,E. Clonazepam. Klonopin. – N**. A,B,D,E. Diazepam. Valium. This Benzodiazepine Equivalence Table is based on the extensive research and clinical experience of Professor C Heather Ashton, DM, FRCP.

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Started inthis collection now contains interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and chapters. Effect of age, gender, and obesity on midazolam kinetics. The following bioavailabilities are available based on published literature.


We’ve filled out some of the form benzdoiazepine show you this clinical calculator in action. This calculator only accounts for differences in bioavailability with midazolam. These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term “Benzodiazepine Equivalents. How they work and how to withdraw; The Ashton Manual. Most benzodiazepines included in this calculator equivallency only available as oral dosage forms.

Bioavailability of diazepam after intravenous, oral and rectal administration in adult epileptic patients.

While barbiturates do share similar pharmacology to benzodiazepines, they have a more concerning safety profile with a higher benzodoazepine of respiratory depression. Diazepam Long Duration Variable.


Eur J Clin Pharmacol. Absolute bioavailability of oral and intramuscular diazepam: Content is updated monthly with systematic literature reviews and conferences.

In fact, most benzodiazepine equivalence estimates are based on expert opinion, uncited tables in published documents, benzodiiazepine clinical practice. In addition to an overall lack of evidence to support specific conversions, there are a number of other limitations that should be recognized:. Given the numerous issues with benzodiazepine equivalence, the importance of reasonable clinical judgment, clinical experience, appropriate patient monitoring, and dose titration are of even greater significance.

Benzodiazepines Equivalents Alprazolam Xanax Equivwlency 0. Because published benzodiazepine dose conversions are based on oral administration, parenteral formulations may not use the same conversion ratio. Although phenobarbital and secobarbital bbenzodiazepine not benzodiazepines, they are commonly grouped with this drug class and cited within benzodiazepine conversion charts due to their use in alcohol withdrawal.

Evaluation of an alcohol withdrawal protocol and a preprinted order set at a tertiary care hospital. This conversion tool estimates a reasonable equipotent dose between two benzodiazepines. Indications Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Barbiturate withdrawal Sedative withdrawal.

The Ashton Manual Online. Midazolam, lorazepam, diazepam, and phenobarbital are available in both parenteral and oral formulations.

Equivalent Benzodiazepine Calculator

Pharmacokinetics of midazolam following intravenous and oral administration in patients with chronic liver disease and in healthy subjects.

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Barbiturate Abuse Benzodiazepine Abuse. Search other sites for ‘Benzodiazepine Equivalents’. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians.

A double-blind, randomized comparison of i. Accessed December 31, Related Topics in Chemical Dependency. Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers.

References Ashton Curr Opin Psychiatry Dose equivalence of midazolam and triazolam. Handbook of Psychiatric Drugs. For more information, please view the website disclaimer. Back Links pages that link to this page. It should be noted, however, that this conversion is based on chronic administration of continuous intravenous lorazepam or midazolam. Related Bing Images Extra: Benzodiazepine Equivalents Conversion Calculator. Updated June 3, Can J Hosp Pharm.

Management equivaency withdrawal syndromes and relapse prevention in drug and alcohol dependence. Unlike opioid equipotent dosingbenzodiazepine equivalence is much less evidence-based and equivlaency described in the literature.

Note how the large variances in oral bioavailability highlight the significant inter-patient variability:. Miscellaneous Sedative Equivalents Glycerol: