Brahmagupta was an Indian mathematician, born in AD in Bhinmal, a state of Rajhastan, India. He spent most of his life in Bhinmal which was under the rule. Brahmagupta, (born —died c. , possibly Bhillamala [modern Bhinmal], Rajasthan, India), one of the most accomplished of the ancient Indian astronomers. Brahmagupta was a famous mathematician and astronomer who lived in seventh century India. His ideas were so profound that they still influence.

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The Euclidean algorithm was known to him as the “pulverizer” since it breaks numbers down into ever smaller pieces. The two square-roots, divided by the additive or the subtractive, are the additive rupas.

This text is a practical manual of Indian astronomy which is meant to guide students. Both of these texts are actually written in verse.

Brahmagupta – Indian Mathematics – The Story of Mathematics

For the volume of a frustum of boigraphy pyramid, he gives the “pragmatic” value as the depth times the square of the mean of the edges of the top and bottom faces, and he gives the “superficial” volume as the depth times their mean area. Brahmagupta was a highly accomplished ancient Indian astronomer and mathematician.

One theorem gives the lengths of the rbahmagupta segments a triangle’s base is divided into by its altitude:. Besides being a great mathematician he was an even brilliant astronomer who wrote several books on these subjects.


The product of a negative and a positive is negative, of two negatives positive, and of positives positive; the product of zero and a negative, of zero and a positive, or of two zeros is zero.

Brahmagupta Biography

biograpgy Hence, the elevation of the horns [of the crescent can be derived] from calculation. Also, if m and x are rational, so are dab and c. Accept Reject Read More. The four fundamental operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division were known to many cultures before Brahmagupta.

He was the head of the astronomical observatory at Ujjain his probable birthplace. The sum of the squares is that [sum] multiplied by twice the [number of] step[s] increased by one [and] divided by three. Brahmagupta’s texts were translated into Arabic by Muhammad al-Fazarian biograpyh in Al-Mansur’s court under the names Sindhind and Rbahmagupta. The nature of squares: Later, Brahmagupta moved to Ujjainwhich was also a major centre for astronomy.

Many of his important discoveries were written as poetry rather than as mathematical equations!

A negative minus zero is negative, a positive [minus zero] positive; zero [minus zero] is zero. He is believed to have died sometime after AD. Whatever is the square-root of the rupas multiplied by the square [and] increased by the square of half the unknown, diminish that by half the unknown [and] divide [the remainder] by its square.

As a young man he studied astronomy extensively. This page was last edited on 4 Novemberat Views Read Edit View history. There are numerous science historians who made testimony to his great scientific contribution. The details regarding his family life are obscure. Retrieved from ” https: He later revised his estimate and proposed a length of days, 6 hours, 12 minutes, and 36 seconds.

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A triangle with rational sides abc and rational area is of the form:.

Brahmagupta – Mathematician Biography, Contributions and Facts

Contact our editors with your feedback. He brought originality to the treatise by adding a great deal of new material to it. He posed the challenge to find a perfect square that, when multiplied by 92 and increased by 1, yields another perfect square.

The city was a center of learning for mathematics and astronomy, and he flourished as an astronomer in the intellectual atmosphere of the city. The sum of a negative and zero is negative, [that] of a positive and zero positive, [and that] of two zeros zero.

In mathematics, his contribution to geometry was especially significant. This is about 0. Brzhmagupta Brahmagupta found the result in terms of the sum of the first n integers, rather than in terms of n as is the modern practice. According to George Sarton, he was a great scientist of his race.