Building upon earlier work by John Dewey and Kurt Levin, American educational theorist David A. Kolb believes “learning is the process. This comprehensive and critical review of experiential learning theory and current research explores the development of experiential learning from its origins to. El aprendizaje experiencial: Kolb David Kolb () identifica que los cuatro modos de aprendizaje adaptativo (CE, RO, AC, AE) representan dos.

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Reflection is a crucial part of the experiential learning process, and like experiential learning itself, it can be facilitated or independent. Business Simulation Games after Thirty Years: But there are other ways of theorising this balance between unity and diversity as you will discover below.

For another adult education perspective on Kolb’s theory see Prof. It may not help us understand and explain change and new experiences. Dewey wrote that “successive portions of reflective thought grow out of one another and support one another”, creating a scaffold for further learning, and allowing for further experiences and reflection. Robotham D The application of learning style theory in higher education teaching. Experiential learning is the process of learning through experienceand is more specifically defined as “learning through reflection on doing”.

Progressing sequentially through the cycle is questioned: The wording in the questions seemed vague and the results did not jive with my own view of my preferred learning style. Honey and Mumford defined four styles, based loosely around the four stages of David Kolb’s learning cycle: This ignores the possibility that all knowledge is constructed within power-laden social processes, that experience and knowledge are mutually determined, and that experience itself is knowledge-driven and cannot be known outside socially available meanings.

Blending Practice with Concepts.

Experiential learning – Wikipedia

It concludes that all four modes are not required for learning to take place, and demonstrates that this component of the theory is rife with inherent contradiction and inconsistency. Experiential learning is often used synonymously with the term ” experiential education “, but while experiential education is a broader philosophy of education, experiential learning considers the individual learning process.

One may begin at any stage, but must follow each other in the sequence: David Kolb – from a training perspective Forrest David Kolb – from an informal education perspective Smith David Kolb – from an adult education and ESL perspective Kelly David Kolb – from a psychological and philosophical perspective Heron David Kolb – from an experiential education perspective Loynes and Dickson David Kolb – from a lifelong education perspective Miettinen David Kolb – from a management education perspective Vince; Reynolds; Holman et al.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Their site has an extensive library of further resources. The concept of experiential learning explores the cyclical pattern of all learning from Experience through Reflection and Conceptualising to Action and on to further Experience.

Learning styles also impact business education in the classroom. However, though the gaining of knowledge is an inherent process that occurs naturally, a genuine learning experience requires certain elements. Overall Assessment by Aprenfizaje et al One of the first learning styles, based on an explicit theory.

Kolb, reviewed by Roger Greenaway David Kolb’s learning cycle has spawned many unauthorised imitations that misrepresent his theories.

The International Consortium for Experiential Learning organises its networking activities within four ‘villages’, two of daviid are concerned with community action and social change, and with personal growth, self awareness and group effectiveness.

Facilitation of experiential learning and reflection is challenging, but “a skilled facilitator, asking the right questions and guiding reflective conversation before, during, and after an experience, can help open a gateway to powerful new thinking and learning”. The Journal of Physical Education 22 2p. Critiques of David Kolb’s theory from a human potential perspective These extracts from the Human Potential Research Group Dictionary experiwncial the stereotypical application of David Kolb’s model and question how well the model matches the reality of how people actually learn through experience.

Psychology in Another Key by John Heron up to index of critiques. In my own case, I found the results dubious. A Handbook of Reflective and Oklb Learning: The theory presents a cyclical model of learning, consisting of four stages shown below. Atherton maintains a critical edge throughout his presentation. The work on learning styles has been used and developed by many experienciial and institutions.

To explore some of these ideas further, look up any kkolb the links from this article, and register for further updates with TrainingZone.

Experiential learning

Are the Experiential Learning Model modes separate and distinct in their functions so as to necessitate a four-stage cycle for learning to take place? Of particular interest is Kayes’ article next which includes ‘ A Critique of the Critics ‘ and a table entitled ‘ Critiques and Responses to Experiential Learning ‘ that summarises key points from different perspectives. Experiential business learning aprendizae the process of learning and developing business skills through the medium of shared experience.


It also describes the process for recording continuous professional development, through expeeriencial time to capture, record and implement learning in our daily work. Experiential Learning Cycles Many of us engaged in professional learning have a broad understanding of the work of David Kolb. For those interested in critique, the book also illustrates the oversights embedded in different experiential learning approaches. The author recommends a complete re-examination of the mechanisms which mediate between learning modes.

And it might not even be a worthwhile exercise anyway.

Why, for example, are the writings of Dewey, Kelly and Lewin not referred to experirncial this article? Smith interestingly including an anachronistic one from Dewey!

Experiential Learning (Kolb) – Learning Theories

Reproduced from LearningWire, a free digest from TrainingZone For more about diagrams experiehcial models see the page: And for balance you will find some key articles below this list which critique the critics! Kolb’s theory locates itself in the cognitive psychology tradition, and overlooks molb mechanically explains and thus divorces people from the social, historical and cultural aspects of self, thinking and action.

Many experienccial us engaged in professional learning have a broad understanding of the work of David Kolb. Wikiversity has learning resources about Experiential learning.

Kolb identified four learning styles which correspond to these stages. There is little to stop the process being reversed or sequenced in entirely different ways, depending on learner motivation, individual differences, subject being studied and a new component Kolb probably had no reason to consider at the time – the digital tools being employed to support those learning activities.

Journal of Education for Business A masterful piece from Mr. Yes they are critiques and so kokb a superficial level it might seem that Kolb was way off the mark for his theory to have become the focal point of so much critical writing – only some of which is indexed below.