From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application. ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, .
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The Erich Fromm Reader.
A deep insight into modern society. Their needs o something in of themselves, reaching toward nothing more than gratification, by means of control.
It treats the incentives put in place to enforce these ends as a natural fact, no more amenable to rational critique than the orbit of the planets. In the works from the s, rationality itself is impugned.
First is an argument regarding subjective and objective reason. Horkheimer explores the psychology behind fascism through mimicry.
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Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer) – Wikipedia
Progress itself is a problematic and cold concept as well, because, when idolized, the contradictory character of progress becomes lost, leaving progress vulnerable to manipulation. This is an ideological perspective that remains relentlessly pervasive throughout academia and in society more broadly.
Horkheimer suggests that moral and intellectual progress is now blocked by a “debilitation of reaaon will” caused by its “premature diversion into endless activities under the pressure of fear. If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support?
His academic activities also continued throughout the s, and included a period during which he served as a regular visiting professor at the University of Chicago. It is essentially concerned with means and ends, with the adequacy of procedures for purposes more or less taken for granted and supposedly self-explanatory. For me personally, the most interesting element was the discussion around nature. Over time, the nation displaced religion as rsason supraindividual mode of human life, elipse capitalism came to determine the interests of the nation-state.
Ulysses’ Reason, Nobody’s Fault: The interpretation of the Odyssey in Excursus I serves as a concrete example of this point. This tension supposedly comes from the bourgeois socio-economic context in which Kant lived: Horkheimer argues that this kind of rationality has pervaded western thinking, as not only a German or class phenomenon. The only “universal” value of subjective reason is self-preservation.
Their ideologies of the race and nation are vague and mythological, but the means towards these ends become ends in themselves.
See if you have enough points for this og. MIT Press,pp. In Dialecticthe Enlightenment is largely equated with the advance of instrumental reason, and through instrumental reason, Enlightenment turns against itself. They were puzzled as to why the working class didn’t revolt after World War I. He recognizes that a new emasculated, neutralized, impotent reason unable to confront power is what rules society.
The idea that acquiescence of reason to power is the norm in the statistical sense is very easily confused with the idea that it is the norm in the moral sense.
Thus progress threatens to nullify the very goal it is supposed to realize the eclipae of man. Continuum Press,pp. Withoutabox Submit to Film Festivals. Horkheimer’s treatise on the instrumentalization, the formalization, of reason is as prescient and disturbing a piece of critical theory as I think one is likely to find in our current moment.
One might also doubt the reliance on the power of the compassion. What instead happened was fascism. The upshot of these views seems to be that reason is self-destructive in a way that limits the very possibility of a rational critique of reason.