2 Mar De Re Militavi, f86, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge) .. xxxiii () ; id. , “The influence of Vegetius’ De re militari”, Milituty Afluirs. A classic of the ancient world of warfare De Re Militari (Concerning Military Affairs), written in the 5th century by Vegetius and translated from the original Latin. Professor Everett L. Wheeler, review of The De Re Militari of Vegetius: The Reception, Transmission and Legacy of a Roman Text in the Middle Ages, ( review no.

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They gave their recruits round bucklers militaei with willows, twice as heavy as those used on real service, and wooden swords double the weight of the common ones.

Skip to main content. Each cohort has also its own peculiar ensign, the Dragon, carried by the Draconarius. Military of ancient Rome portal. And merely superior skill and conduct defeated Attilius Regulus at the head of a Roman army, till that time always victorious.

A Critical Analysis of Flavius Vegetius’ De Re Militari | Walter Mangual –

Nor do I milifari to offer this work. The first line, as I said before, was composed of the principes; the hastati formed the second and were armed in the same manner. Its situation should be strong by nature, and there rf be plenty of wood, forage and water. And every man, whether in a private or military station, serves God in serving him faithfully who reigns by His authority.

He ought to be a careful and diligent officer, as the sole charge of forming the legion to regularity and obedience depended on him and the excellence of the soldiers redounded entirely to his own honor and credit.

The inhabitants of the province must likewise be obliged to retire with their effects into some fortified place before the irruption of the enemy. In particular he stresses the high standard of the pydars and the excellence of the training and the officer corps.

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The Military Institutions of the Romans (De Re Militari)

By an army is meant a number of troops, legions and auxiliaries, cavalry and infantry, assembled to make war. Watson observes, Vegetius’ Epitoma “is the only ancient manual of Roman military institutions to have survived intact.

He explains the use of reserves, attributing this invention to the Spartans, from whom the Romans adopted it.

Troops too much crowded can never fight as they ought, and only embarrass one another. Friends and subordinates customarily presented embellished copies as gifts to leaders. The History of Strategy. The splendor of the arms has no inconsiderable effect in striking terror into an enemy. This is an invention of the greatest use, not only to soldiers, but also to gladiators. They acquired coolness and exactness in acnon from familiar custom and exercise in the field.

THEIR SIZE We find the ancients very fond of procuring the tallest men they could for the service, since the standard for the cavalry of the wings and for vrgetius infantry of the first legionary cohorts was fixed at six feet, or at least five feet ten inches. The splendor of the arms has no inconsiderable effect in striking terror into an enemy.

Vevetius is necessary to know the sentiments of the soldiers on the day of an engagement. For if you are once surprised by the enemy before you are in a proper posture of defense, you are thrown into irrecoverable confusion, and you can no longer draw any assistance from the neighboring places, all communication with them being cut off.

The earth taken from the ree forms a parapet on the inside and this secures the army from http: We find that the Romans owed the conquest of the world to no other cause than continual military training, exact observance of discipline in their camps and unwearied cultivation of the other arts of war.


Circumspection in examining every place will be a security against concealed danger; and an ambuscade, if discovered and promptly surrounded, will return the intended mischief with interest.

The first book treats of the choice and exercises of new levies; the second explains the establishment of the legion and the method of discipline; and the third contains the dispositions for action. LV-4 at foliowhere the incipit to the so-called Praecepta de re militaria version of Ps. The organization of the legion being thus explained, let us return to the drills. The latter are hired corps of foreigners assembled from different parts of the Empire, made up of different numbers, without knowledge of one another or any tie of affection.

At the same time Vegetius’ hope for a revival of the ancient organization of the legion was impracticable. It is an observation mioitari Cato that, misconduct in the common affairs of life may be retrieved, but that it is quite otherwise in war, where errors are fatal and without remedy, and are followed by immediate punishment.

In a temporary camp it should face the route by which the army is to march. He is to be vigilant, temperate, accive and readier to execute the orders he receives than to talk; Strict in exercising and keeping up proper discipline among his soldiers, in obliging them to appear clean and well-dressed and to vegeius their arms constantly rubbed and bright.